The presence of an omphalocele may occur with other birth defects, including:
- heart defects, such as the tetralogy of Fallot
- imperforate anus, a malformation of the anorectal area of the gastrointestinal system
- urinary problems
- genetic disorders
- Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, with enlarged tongue, gigantism, and enlarged internal organs
- Pentalogy of Cantrell, with malformations in the chest and abdominal area, including heart defects. It is a rare congenital anomaly associated with midline defects involving the chest, sternum, heart, diaphragm, and abdominal wall. This may include ectopia cordis, diaphragmatic hernia, and omphalocele.
To check for other congenital defects, x rays are usually taken of the heart, lungs, and diaphragm once the infant’s condition has been stabilized after birth.
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